Natural Enemies Associated With Sorghum Shoot Bug Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead)
Keywords:Peregrinus maidis, sorghum, Cheilomenes sexmaculata, Creontiades, Erythraeus, Marengo, Monolepta signata, Neoscona, parasitoid, Tytthus parviceps
This study on the potential natural enemies associated with sorghum shoot bug Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead) revealed that among the predators, the predatory bug [Creontiades sp. and Tytthus parviceps (Reuter)] and neuropterans [Chrysoperla sp. and Micromus timidus (Hagen)] were found predating over eggs and nymphs. Beetles of Coccinellidae [Cheilomenes sexmaculata (Fab.)] and Chrysomelidae [Monolepta signata (Olivier)] were also found predating but only on nymphs. Six spiders were observed predating over nymphs and adults- these include Callitrichia sp. (Linyphiidae), Cheiracanthium approximatum (Cheiracanthiidae), Marengo sp. (Salticidae), Neoscona sp. (Araneidae), Plexippus petersi (Salticidae) and an unidentified Linyphiidae. A parasitoid Anagrus sp. (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) was on the eggs and a mite Erythraeus sp. (Trambidiformes: Erythridae) was noticed adhering to the adults. This study is the first record of Creontiades sp.
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