Recent Events Of Invasive And Migratory Pests And Lessons Learnt


  • Sushil S N ICAR-National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Hebbal, Bengaluru 560024, Karnataka
  • SAMPATHKUMAR M ICAR-National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Hebbal, Bengaluru 560024, Karnataka
  • MOHAN M ICAR-National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Hebbal, Bengaluru 560024, Karnataka
  • NAGARAJU D K Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine and Storage, Faridabad 121001
  • SINGH J P Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine and Storage, Faridabad 121001



Destructive Insect Pest Act, Plant Quarantine Order, invasives pest, locust, bio-security


In the increasing globalisation era, movement of goods and planting materials between countries being carried out at ease, are potential factors of introduction of invasive alien insects, diseases, and weeds in India. Infested fruits carried by international travellers, cargo / sea shipments of wood logs, food trade, and accidental introduction through air travels were the potential ways of entry of invasive alien insects into any country. The entry of alien invasive pest causes huge economic damage by way of direct crop loss. In addition, the panic situation to save the crops results in indiscriminate use of chemical insecticides that is harmful to applicator, farmer and consumer. Frequent application of insecticides leads to reduction in natural enemies and pollinators there by having an adverse impact on the ecosystem. The present paper critically reviewes the existing plant quarantine regulations in India, recent invasive and migratory insect pest problems and way forwards to safeguard Indian Agriculture.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




How to Cite

S N, S., M, S., M, M., D K , N., & J P , S. (2023). Recent Events Of Invasive And Migratory Pests And Lessons Learnt. Indian Journal of Entomology, 84(Special Issue (December), 108–120.



Invited Review Articles


CABI. 2021. abstract/20013122305, Interception of weeds in imported wheat grain consignments.

Chakravarthy A K, Kumar K P, Sridhar V, Prasannakumar N R, et al. 2017. Incidence, hosts and potential areas for invasion by Rugose Spiralling Whitefly, Aleurodicus rugiopersculatus Martin (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in India. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems 23: 41-49.

Chandrika M, Josephrajkumar A, Merin B, Arya K, et al. 2019. First record of the non-native neotropical nesting whitefly, Paraleyrodes minei Iaccarino on coconut palms in India and its co-existence with Bondar’s nesting whitefly Paraleyrodes bondari Peracchi. Current Science 117: 515-519.

Daniel A J, Ashok K, Pavithran S, Ranjith M. 2020. Review on invasive insect pests in India and their predators and parasitoids. Journal of Experimental Zoology India 23: 987-1006.

FAO. 2021. and asiapacific/apppc/en/.

Govt. of India. 1914. The Destructive Insects and Pests Act (Act No. II of 1914) passed by Governor General of India in Council on 3rd Feb 1914 and subsequent modifications. 4 pp.

Govt. of India. 2003. Plant Quarantine Order (Regulation of import into India). Gazette notification S.O. 1322 (E), dated 18th Nov., 2003 and subsequent modifications. 331 pp.

Josephrajkumar A, Chandrika M, Merin Babu, Arya Krishna, et al. 2019. First record of the invasive Bondar’s Nesting Whitefly, Paraleyrodes bondari Peracchi on coconut from India. Phytoparasitica, 47: 333–339. DOI 10.1007/s12600-019- 00741-2.

Joshi S, Pai S G, Deepthy K B, Ballal C R, Watson, G W. 2020. The cassava mealybug, Phenococcus manihoti Matile Ferrero (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Pseudococcidae) arrives in India. Zoo Taxa, 4772: 191-194.

Mack R N. 2000. Assessing the extent, status and dynamism of plant invasions: current and emerging approaches. Mooney H A, Hobbs R J (eds.). Invasive species in changing world. Island Press, Washington D.C. 384 pp.

McNeely J A. 2000. Global strategy for addressing the problem of invasive alien species. Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP). principles/ais-strategy-gisp.pdf.

Muthaiyan M C, Vijaya Kumar C S K, Krishnasamy N, Murali R, et al. 1990. Plant Quarantine Problem in import of logs and timbers, Quarterly Newsletter, Asia and Pacific Plant Protection Commission, FAO, 33 (4): 13-19.

Nagaraju D K, Kalleshwaraswamy C M, Maharaj Singh, Jain R K, et al. 2020. First interception of two wood feeding potential invasive Coptotermes termite species in India. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 41: 1043-1052. 00287-5.

Nagaraju D K. 2021. Rugose Spiralling Whitefly (RSW), Aleurodicus rugioperculatus Martin (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae): an urban nuisance. Insect Environment 24: 156-157.

Nagaraju D K, Iyyanar D, Maharaj Singh, Esakkirani B, et al. 2021, Interception of non-indigenous weed seeds in lentil and lentil husk shipments imported from Australia, Canada, U.S.A., and Sri Lanka to India. Indian Journal of Weed Science 53(4): 417–420.

Nagaraju D K, Ravichandaran S, Prakasam V, Ramesh H P, et al. 2021. Interception of Venturia inaequalis, a pathogen of quarantine significance in apple shipments imported into India. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems 27(2): 157-161.

Nagaraju D K, Prema Ranjitham T, Esakkirani B, Kapoor K S, et al. 2021. Interception of Saproxylic Hemiptera, Fulvius anthocoroides (Reuter, 1875) on wooden logs imported from Cameroon to India, a new report for Cameroon. Insect Environment 24(3): 423-426.

Nagaraju D K, Kasturi N, Maharaj Singh, Iyyanar D, et al. 2022. Interception of Hololepta plana (Sulzer) (Coleoptera, Histeridae) a rare beetle on poplar logs imported from Belgium. Insect Environment 25(1): 18-20. DOI: 10.55278/CBMZ7758.

Nagaraju D K, Iyyanar D, Maharaj Singh, Prema Ranjitham T, et al. 2022. Exotic storage pests intercepted in raw cashew nuts shipments imported into India and cost of salvaging the intercepted material. Insect Environment, 25(2): 189-196. DOI: 10.55278/URCL8831.

Nagaraju D K, Jain R K, Iyyanar D, Maharaj Singh, et al. 2022. Interception of live Phratora laticollis (Suffrian) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on poplar logs imported from Belgium and Germany. Indian Journal of Entomology 84: 1-3. IJE.2022.441.

Pimentel D, McNair S, Janecka J, Wightman J, et al. 2001. Economic and environmental threats of alien plant, animal and microbe invasions. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 84: 1-20.

Raj R, Das T K, Kaur R, Singh R, Shekhawat K. 2018. Invasive noxious weed management research in India with special reference to Cyperus rotundus, Eichhornia crassipes and Lantana camara. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 88: 181-196.

Raju J, Gokulraam M, Mohan S M, Keshavamurthy G M, et al. 2019. Interception of live exotic species Cordylomera spinicornis (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in Tali wood imported from African countries. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 7: 432-435.

Raju J, Nagaraju D K, Priti S, Kalleshwaraswamy C M, Sundararaj R. 2022. Invasion of wood degraders through wood import and need to strengthen the plant quarantine measures in India. Science of Wood Degradation and its Protection, Springer, 709-744 pp.

Reddy C S. 2008. Catalogue of invasive alien flora of India. Life Science Journal 5: 84-89.

Sampathkumar M, Mohan M, Shylesha A N, Joshi S, et al. 2021. Occurrence of cassava mealybug, Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera), a new invasive pest on cassava in India and prospects for its classical biological control opportunities in India. Current Science 120: 432-435.

Sathyanarayana N, Satyagopal K. 2013. Invasive alien species: problems and the way forward. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems 19: 85-91.

Sharanabasappa, Kalleshwarswamy C M, Ashokan R, Mahadevaswamy H M, et al. 2018. First report of fall army worm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E.Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): an alien invasive pest on maize in India. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems 24: 23-29.

Shashank P R, Chandrashekhar K, Meshram N M, Sreedevi K. 2015. Occurrence of Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) an invasive pest from India. Indian Journal of Entomology 74: 323-329.

Shylesha A N, Jalali S K, Gupta A, Varshney R, et al. 2018. Studies on new invasive pest Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its natural enemies. Journal of Biological Control 32: 1-7.

Singh S, Sharma J H, Udikeri A, Ansari H. 2020. Invasive insects in India. El-Shafie H (ed.). Invasive Species - Introduction Pathways, Economic Impact and Possible Management Options. DOI: 10.5772/intechopen. 91986.

Sundararaj R, Selvaraj K. 2017. Invasion of rugose spiralling whitefly, Aleurodicus rugioperculatus Martin (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae): a potential threat to coconut in India. Phytoparasitica 45: DOI: 10.1007/s12600-017- 0567-0.

Sushil S N, Verghese A, Viraktamath C A, Ballal C R, Nagaraju D K. 2015. South American Tomato Pinworm, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Directorate of Plant Protection Quarantine and Storage, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India 6 pp.

Sushil S N. 2016. National Agricultural Bio-security System in India – Strengths and Challenges. International Conference on “Plant, Pathogen and People: Challenges in Plant Pathology to Benefit Humankind” on February 23-27, 2016 at NASC, New Delhi.

Sushil S N. 2018. Plant Protection Regulations in India - Strengths & Challenges. XVI AZRA International conference on Applied Zoological Research for Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security, February 9-11, 2018 at Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.

Sushil S N, Nagaraju D K, Srivastava R P. 2021. Safeguarding Indian agriculture through plant quarantine regulations: emerging issues and way forward. Journal of Ecofriendly Agriculture 16(2): 97-105.

Most read articles by the same author(s)