Diversity of Aphid Fauna (Hemiptera: Aphididae) of Kerala


  • Sharanabasappa M. Ganganalli Department of Agricultural Entomology, College of Agriculture, Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur 680656, Kerala
  • Haseena Bhaskar Department of Agricultural Entomology, College of Agriculture, Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur 680656, Kerala
  • Sunil Joshi Division of Germplasm Collection and Characterisation, National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Hebbal, Bengaluru 560024, Karnataka
  • Vidya C. V. Banana Research Station, Kerala Agricultural University, Kannara 680652, Kerala




Aphididae, subfamilies, Aphidinae, Aphidini, Macrosiphini, Greenideinae, Eriosomatinae, Hormaphidinae, host range, species diversity, Kerala, distribution


Extensive surveys were undertaken across Kerala during 2018-22, to explore the diversity of aphid fauna associated with different flora. The study recorded 25 species of aphids under 17 genera in four tribes belonging to four subfamilies of Aphididae. Aphidinae was the predominant subfamily, followed by Greenideinae, Hormaphidinae and Eriosomatinae. Aphidinae was represented by two tribes, Aphidini and Macrosiphini. The tribes Aphidini (Aphis (L.), Rhopalosiphum Koch, Hysteroneura Davis and Melanaphis van der Goot) and Macrosiphini (Pentalonia Coquerel, Brevicoryne van der Goot, Macrosiphoniella del Guercio, Macrosiphum Passerini, Metopolophium Mordvilko, Acyrthosiphon Mordvilko, Uroleucon Mordvilko and Aulacorthum Mordvilko) were represented by four and eight genera, respectively. The subfamily Greenideinae was represented by two genera in a single tribe (Greenideini); Hormaphidinae represented by two genera in a single tribe (Cerataphidini), while only one genus in a single tribe (Eriosomatini) was recorded in the subfamily Eriosomatinae. The genus Aphis was the most diverse with five species. Aphis gossypii Glover exhibited a wider host range with 20 host plants. The study records new distribution of three aphid species from south India and seven species from Kerala.


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How to Cite

Ganganalli, S. M., Bhaskar, H., Joshi, S., & C. V., V. (2023). Diversity of Aphid Fauna (Hemiptera: Aphididae) of Kerala. Indian Journal of Entomology, 86(2), 478–485. https://doi.org/10.55446/IJE.2023.742



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