Biology, Ecology and Ipm of Fall Army Worm Spodoptera Frugiperda (J E Smith): A Review


  • Arfa Safder Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, The University of Lahore, 54000
  • Abdul Aziz Bukero Sindh Agriculture University, Department of Entomology, Tandojam
  • Moazam Hyder Key laboratory of Natural Enemy Insects, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100193
  • Samreen Rana Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, The University of Lahore, 54000
  • Aneesa Sohail Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, The University of Lahore, 54000
  • Mahreen Hanif Institute of Plant Protection, MNS-University of Agriculture, Multan
  • Syed Anika Shamshar Government Graduate College (B), Vehova, Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab
  • Attia Imam Department of Plant and Environmental Protection,National Agricultural Research Center, Islamabad
  • Muhammad Ramzan State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100193



Spodoptera frugiperda, maize, biology, ecology, cultural control, biological control, botanical and chemical, IPM


The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J E Smith) is an emerging polyphagous pest. Its primary food is the corn cob, which suffers significant damage with its larvae skeletonizing or “windowing” the leaves. Only the larval stage is seriously risky and small and large communities as well as researchers have used a variety of control methods A number of low-cost mitigation strategies are available and these strategies include encouraging smallholder farmers to plant crops directly after major rainstorms, using cultural methods, such as intercropping and crop rotation, and avoiding some of the ineffective insecticides. Understanding the function of natural enemies in agricultural systems requires monitoring them in the field. Chelonus insularis, Pristomerus spinator, Cotesia marginiventris, Meteorus laphygmae, Chelonus sonorensis, Orius insidiosus, Chelonus texanus, Archytas marmoratus, Elenomus remus, and Trichogramma spp. are parasitoids of S. frugiperda Metarhizium anisopliae, Erynia radicans, Fusarium solani, Nomuraea rileyi and Beauveria bassiana are the main entomopathogenic fungi. These biocontrol agents should be promoted to manage this pest in a sustainable manner.


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How to Cite

Safder, A. . ., Bukero, A. A. ., Hyder, M. ., Rana, S. ., Sohail, A. ., Hanif, M. ., … Ramzan, M. . (2023). Biology, Ecology and Ipm of Fall Army Worm <I>Spodoptera Frugiperda </I> (J E Smith): A Review. Indian Journal of Entomology, 86(2), 663–667.



Review Articles


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