Role of Protein and Food Baits in Attraction of Melon Fruit Fly Zeugodacus cucurbitae in Bitter Gourd


  • Sruthi A. B. Department of Agricultural Entomology Agricultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Madurai 625104, Tamil Nadu
  • Zadda Kavitha Department of Agricultural Entomology Agricultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Madurai 625104, Tamil Nadu
  • M. Shanthi Department of Agricultural Entomology Agricultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Madurai 625104, Tamil Nadu
  • A. Beaulah Department of Horticulture, Agricultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Killikulam 628252, Tamil Nadu



Zeugodacus cucurbitae, bitter gourd, protein bait, Proteinex, food bait, fruit juice, banana, guava, tomato, pineapple, attraction, efficiency, attraction enhancers


A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the attractiveness of various protein and food baits against cucurbit fruit fly (Zeugodacus cucurbitae) (Coquillet) in bitter gourd fields. Protein baits evaluated were soybean, yeast, casein and Proteinex baits. Food baits evaluated were banana, guava, tomato, pineapple and bitter gourd juice baits. The incidence of Z. cucurbitae was also observed. Among the evaluated protein baits, Proteinex bait trapped more i.e., 8.05/ trap/ week (female-4.94 and male-3.11), and showing 44.45% reduction incidence. Of the food baits assessed, tomato juice bait was the best, trapping 3.35 fruit flies/ trap/ week (female-2.09 and male-1.26) with 37.16% damage reduction. From the present investigation it can be concluded that among protein and food baits evaluated, Proteinex and tomato respectively with attractant materials @ 12 nos/ ha with weekly replenishment may effectively attract both sexes of adult fruit flies and thereby act as reliable management strategy against fruit flies in horticultural crops.


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How to Cite

A. B., S., Kavitha, Z., Shanthi, M., & Beaulah, A. (2023). Role of Protein and Food Baits in Attraction of Melon Fruit Fly <i>Zeugodacus cucurbitae</i> in Bitter Gourd. Indian Journal of Entomology, 85(2), 455–458.



Research Communications


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