Status of Migratory Beekeeping With Apis Mellifera L In the Gangetic Plain of West Bengal


  • Rakesh Das School of Agriculture, Swami Vivekananda University, Barrackpore 700121, West Bengal, India.
  • Amit Layek Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia 741252, West Bengal, India.
  • Gautam Kunal RPCAU, Pusa, Samastipur 848125, Bihar, India.
  • Shantanu Jha Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia 741252, West Bengal, India.



Honey Bees, Beekeeping, Apis mellifera, Questionnaire Survey, Honey Flow Season, Dearth Period, Intra- and Inter-district Locations, Marketing of Honey, Middleman, Floral Sources, Limitations, West Bengal.


Honey bees are humanity’s unique gift. In addition to various hive products, human are benefited with the most valuable ecosystem service, i.e. pollination by honey bees. The study has been attempted to explore the overview of migratory beekeeping with Apis mellifera L. in the potential Gangetic delta of West Bengal, India through questionnaire survey. Honey flow season lasts from mid/ end of October to mid/end of May, whereas June, July, August and September are beekeeping dearth in this region. Beekeepers used to move their colonies successively between intra- and inter-district locations to harvest honey from trees like eucalyptus, mustard, coriander, black cumin, litchi, sesame, and/or mangroves. Marketing of honey and middleman issue are the major limitations identified. This study presents an illustrative overview of beekeeping status in this area, its potential as well as limitations, and proper initiative to proliferate the enterprise at its outmost.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




How to Cite

Das, R., Layek, A., Kunal, G., & Jha, S. (2023). Status of Migratory Beekeeping With <i>Apis Mellifera</i> L In the Gangetic Plain of West Bengal. Indian Journal of Entomology, 01–09.



Research Articles


Arya S, Kumar A, Kumar K, Kumar D. 2021. Major constraints faced by the beekeepers in production and marketing of honey in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand. The Pharma Innovation Journal 10(8): 276-279.

Baidya M, Purkait S. 2019. Pollination service is a new leeway of West Bengal beekeepers: A study at South Dinajpur and Malda districts. International Journal of Basic and Applied Research 9 (1): 616-626.

Bansal K, Singh Y, Singh P. 2013. Constraints of apiculture in India. International Journal of Life Sciences Research 1(1): 1- 4.

Bhattacharyya M, Acharya S K, Chakraborty S K. 2017. Pollinators unknown: people’s perception of native bees in an agrarian district of West Bengal, India, and its implication in conservation. Tropical Conservation Science 10: 1-14.

Bradbear. 2009. Nonwooden forest products. Bees and their role in forest livelihoods. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy.

Brar A S, Sharma H K, Rana K. 2018. Survey studies: Integral approach towards the diseases and enemies of Apis melliferaL. in upper and lower hills of Himachal Pradesh: Beekeepers prospective. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 6(3): 939-942.

Chaturvedi P L, Hussain S R, Nath S. 1969. A tip for migratory bee-keepers of Kumaon region. Indian Bee Journal 31: 48-51. Conrad R. 2007. Natural beekeeping: Organic approaches to modern apiculture. Chelsea Green, London, UK.

Dalio J S. 2015. Status and problems of beekeeping in Mansa District of Punjab. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences 10(2): 8-12.

Das R, Snehalata N, Kunal G, Jha S. 2019. Stingless bees in Nagaland: Report on a reconnaissance survey. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 7(2): 301-305.

Gallai N, Salles J M, Settele J, Bernard E V. 2009. Economic valuation of the vulnerability of world agriculture confronted with pollinator decline. Ecological Economics 68: 810-821.

Gatoria G S, Chhuneja P K, Aulakh R K, Singh J. 2001. Migratory bee-keeping in India: its prospects and problems. Indian Bee Journal 63(1-2): 23-34.

Gatoria G S, Singh J, Chhuneja P K, Aulakh R K, Jindal B R, Gupta A K. 2003. A micro level analysis on the constraints of beekeepers in Punjab – some perspectives. Indian Bee Journal 65: 95-99.

Goswami V, Khan M S. 2014. Impact of honey bee pollination on pod set of mustard (Brassica juncea L.: cruciferae) at Pantnagar. The Bioscan 9(1): 75-78.

Joseph T, Awah-Ndukum J, Fonteh-Florence A, Delphine N D, Jonnas P, Antoine M Z. 2007. Physico-chemical and microbiological characteristics of honey from the Sudano-Guinean Zone of West Cameron. African Journal of Biotechnology 6: 908-913.

Kalev H, Dag A, Shafir S. 2002. Feeding pollen supplements to honey bee colonies during pollination of sweet pepper in enclosures. American Bee Journal 142(9): 675-679.

Kaur B. 1998. Evaluation of selected training course organised by Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. Ph D Dissertation, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. India.

Kerealem E. 2005. Honeybee production system, opportunities and challenges in Enebse Sar Midir Woreda (Amhara Region) and Amaro Special Wereda (Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regional state), Ethiopia. M Sc thesis, Alemaya University, Ethiopia. 133 pp.

Khanra P, Mukherjee D N. 2018. Potentiality of beekeeping in doubling farmers’ income in Jharkhand: A way to sweet revolution. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences 10(16): 6967- 6970.

Kumar P, Singh D. 2002. Beekeepers perception of problems of beekeeping in Punjab. Indian Bee Journal 64: 46-50.

Kumar P. 2000. Present status, problems and prospects of beekeeping in Ludhiana district of Punjab, M Sc thesis, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. India.

Kumar R, Kundal N. 2016. Beekeeping status in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 4(4): 620-622.

Kumar Y, Nain M S, Peshin R, Yungchan J. 2020. Constraints perceived by the beekeepers of Jammu province, adoption of scientific beekeeping practices. Indian Journal of Extension Education 56(4): 69-75.

Malhotra S K. 2017. Integrated Bee Development Centers (IBDC) commissioned with new concept for furtherance of bee keeping in India. Indian Journal of Arecanut, Spices and Medicinal Plants 19(2): 3-5.

Nagma P, Rashi M, Netrapal S, Singh B S. 2021. Socio-economic analysis of traditional and modern beekeeping in Western Himalayan Region Uttarakhand, India. International Journal of Zoological Investigations 7(2): 713-722.

Nandi T, Karmakar P. 2018. Apis mellifera pollen loads to understand the pollen foraging pattern used for apicultural practice in a potentially agricultural belt in Bengal, India. Revista de Biología Tropical 66(4): 1597-1605.

Naveen, Yadav A S, Saxena S, Suman S, Kumar N, Yadav N. 2021. Survey studies on the status of beekeeping in the Chambal region of Madhya Pradesh. The Pharma Innovation Journal 10(12SP): 932-937.

Negi N, Thakur M, Sharma H K, Rana K. 2020. Survey studies on beekeeping with Apis melliferain Himachal Pradesh: Beekeeper’s prospective. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 8(1): 315-318.

Neupane K R, Thapa R B. 2005. Alternative to off-season sugar supplement feeding of honeybees. Journal of the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science 26: 77-81

Pal P K, Karmakar P. 2013. Pollen analysis in understanding the foraging behaviour of Apis mellifera in Gangetic West Bengal. Geophytology 42(2): 93-114.

Pernal S F, Currie R W. 2001. The influence of pollen quality on foraging behaviour in honey bees (Apis melliferaL.). Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 51: 53-68.

Prakash S, Bhat N S, Naik M I, Swamy B C. 2007. Evaluation of pollen supplement and substitute on honey and pollen stores of honeybee, Apis ceranaFab. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 20(1): 155-156.

Rahman A. 2017. Apiculture in India. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi.

Rajan B. 1980. Apiculture and farm forestry in semi-arid tracts of Karnataka. Proceedings of second international conference on apiculture in tropical climates. New Delhi. India. pp.187-189.

Report of the Beekeeping Development Committee. 2019. Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister, Government of India from content/uploads/2019/06/Report-of-the-Beekeeping-Development-Committee_Inner_Part I.pdf.

Robinson W E, Morse R A. 1989. The value of honeybees as pollinators of US crops. American Bee Journal 129: 477-487.

Roy A, Hassan M A. 2013. Adoption of pen culture technology in the wetlands of West Bengal, India. Fishery Technology 50: 342-346.

Sabarathnam V E. 1988. Manual on field experience training for ARS scientists. Hyderabad, India: National Academy of Agricultural Research Management.

Sharma D, Abrol D P, Ahmad H, Srivastva K, Vir V. 2015. Migratory beekeeping in Jammu and Kashmir, India. Bee World. pp. 44-47.

Sharma V. 1989. The economics of beekeeping in Punjab state. M.Sc Thesis, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.

Shinde S G, Phadke R P. 1995. Beekeeping in India: History, present status and future. Indian Bee Journal 57: 31-37.

Singh T S M S, Subba R K, Mohana R G. 1998. Migratory routes for honey production and colony multiplication in Bihar, India. Indian Bee Journal 60(4): 207-209.

Somerville D, Collins D. 2007. Field trials to test supplementary feeding strategies for commercial honeybees. Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation. index.html.